Kids and COVID-19 | A Quick Guide for Parents
March 14, 2020

Kids and COVID-19 is a crucial topic among households today. The current spread of the novel coronavirus causes apprehensions among parents. While the COVID-19 outbreak is evolving, concerns about the younger population may be weighing on parents’ minds.

Concerns over kids and COVID-19 turn parents to become overly worried. Where did the novel coronavirus originate? How is it being transmitted? Is the disease threatening? How does it affect young children? When does the COVID-19 outbreak end? Parents and kids want to be informed and take precautions where possible.

While we don’t know up to what extent the novel coronavirus may spread in our community, we are all aware of how contagious it is. The severity of COVID-19 outbreak can vary from person to person, and that there are precautionary measures that we need to follow to prevent the virus from spreading rigorously.

What is a novel coronavirus? - Kids and COVID-19

What is a novel coronavirus?

It is a new type of coronavirus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of a common cold. The infection can cause an outbreak of respiratory (lung) disease. It was first identified in Wuhan, China, and has been named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as ‘2019 novel coronavirus’ or ‘2019-nCoV.’

Today, COVID-19 has been described as a pandemic by the World Health Organization as it has now been detected worldwide. Declaring COVID-19 as a pandemic is not an indication that the virus has become deadlier. Instead, it’s an acknowledgment of the disease’s geographical reach. While the immediate health risk in the United States is not quite alarming, it is still best to have a contingency plan in case the risk level rises in the future. 

 

Symptoms of COVID​​-19

Novel coronavirus can range from mild to severe and can include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Who is at risk?

Kids and COVID-19 are the two main subjects that give parents the most attention today. Parents are worried about how kids are affected by this pandemic. Scientists say kids show remarkable resistance to COVID-19 but could still be spreading it. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children do not seem to be at higher risk of getting COVID-19. However, some people are, including

  • Older adults
  • People who have serious chronic medical conditions like:
    – Heart disease​
    – Diabetes
    – Lung disease
    – Suppressed immune systems
Kids and COVID-19

Kids and COVID-19

Kids are less susceptible to novel coronavirus. Children don’t seem to be catching the coronavirus at the same rate as adults. And if they do, they only experience mild symptoms or none at all. It is rarely severe for kids, and this should help parents alleviate their fears and become anxious about their kids getting infected in this COVID-19 outbreak.

A new study published in Nature Medicine assessed ten children in China between the ages of 2 months and 15 years old who had COVID-19 and recovered. Chinese researchers screened 745 children who had close contact with COVID-19 patients or were members of families that were infected. As of today, there have been no known deaths reported in the 0-9-year-old age group, and there have been lower hospitalization rates compared with adults.

“The evidence so far would suggest that children, at least in China, many children have gotten and had… either had a very mild illness or not had any illness at all,” Dr. Arthur Reingold, an epidemiologist at the University of California at Berkeley, told CNN

“Children simply don’t get very sick when they get this infection,” Reingold added. “So if they develop any symptoms at all, they’re mild … and so, severe illnesses and deaths, fortunately, are incredibly rare.” 


Most confirmed COVID-19 cases in China have occurred in adults. A World Health Organization report published last month concluded that the disease appeared “relatively rare and mild” in children, with cases reported in people younger than 19 making up just 2.4% of the total. Only 2.5% of those younger than 19 had severe disease, and 0.2% had a critical illness.

Even though it appears children are not as likely to develop severe symptoms or any at all, it does not mean they won’t contract the virus and spread it to others. 

CDC Guidelines

CDC Guidelines for Kids and NCOV-19

Kids are bound to have questions about the novel coronavirus, and parents need to address the issue by helping them understand the situation. Experts say there are helpful ways to educate your kids without causing undue alarm. Hence, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has prepared some general principles for parents, school staff, and others who frequently interact with children that can help reduce anxiety.

1. Remain calm and reassuring.
Remember that children will react to both what you say and how you say it. They will pick up cues from the conversations you have with them and with others.

2. Make yourself available to listen and to talk.
Make time to talk. Be sure children know they can come to you when they have questions. Make sure you share information that’s appropriate for the child’s age and maturity level. Remember, it’s best to use simple language kids can understand.

3. Avoid language that might blame others and lead to stigma.
Remember that viruses can make anyone sick, regardless of a person’s race or ethnicity. Avoid making assumptions about who might have COVID-19.

4. Pay attention to what children see or hear on television, radio, or online.
Consider reducing the amount of screen time focused on COVID-19 outbreak. Too much information on one topic can lead to anxiety.

5. Provide information that is honest and accurate.
Give children information that is truthful and appropriate for the age and developmental level of the child. Talk to children about how some stories on COVID-19 outbreak on the internet and social media may be based on rumors and inaccurate information.

6. Teach children everyday actions to reduce the spread of germs.

  • Remind children to stay away from people who are coughing or sneezing or sick. 
  • Remind them to cough or sneeze into a tissue or their elbow, then throw the tissue into the trash.
  • Discuss any new actions that may be taken at school to help protect children and school staff. (e.g., increased handwashing, cancellation of events or activities)
  • Get children into a handwashing habit.
    — Teach them to wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after blowing their nose, coughing, or sneezing; going to the bathroom; and before eating or preparing food.
    — If soap and water are not available, teach them to use hand sanitizer. Hand sanitizer should contain at least 60% alcohol. Supervise young children when they use hand sanitizer to prevent swallowing alcohol, especially in schools and childcare facilities.


For parents, kids and COVID-19 is a crucial topic that needs to have a conversation. Children look to adults for guidance on how to react during these stressful times. They need factual, age-appropriate information about the potential seriousness of COVID-19 outbreak.

As parents, encourage your kids to help stop the spread of COVID-19 by teaching them to do the same things everyone should do to stay healthy — nutritious food, proper hygiene, wash hands with soap and water frequently, plenty of sleep, exercise, drink lots of water, etc. 

Stay calm! If parents seem overly worried, children’s anxiety may rise. Always reassure your kids that health and school officials are working hard to ensure that everyone stays safe and healthy. Help your kids understand how to find reliable information on the internet.

Provide them instructions on preventive measures and give them a sense of control over their risk of infection to help reduce anxiety. Make them understand that there will eventually be some kind of end to the current COVID-19 outbreak, and that life will more or less come back to normal.


Sacramento offers a wide variety of opportunities for kids to enjoy and have fun all-year-round! Check out our list of resources for kids. If you’re even more curious and seeking to learn more information about kids’ topics, tips, and guides, check out our health-related blog posts.

Read Next

Recommended Measures to Prevent Transmission of Coronavirus
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An online family resource guide for kids within the Greater Sacramento area. It’s an easy to use directory listing where you can find an array of resources for your kids.

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